Cardinal Avery Robert Dulles
The Rockefeller Cardinal
Pope John Paul II and then Newly Appointed Cardinal Avery Robert Dulles
February 21, 2001
On February 22th of 2001, something truly incredible happened within the infrastructure of the Roman Catholic Church, when it knowingly experienced two (2) separate first time occurrences in Church's history. Now for most people around the world, having two (2) first time experiences on the same day doesn't seem like anything incredible. However, for one of the world's most traditionally based organizations in the world, which claims that its strength comes from being founded on more than eight (8) centuries of tradition, these two (2) first time experiences must certainly must have been seen as a kind of divine intervention (or at least one might think so)!
Two New Firsts For Roman Catholic Church?
1. The late Pope John Paul II selected Father Avery Robert Dulles to become the very first American to be elevated from priest to a member of the College of Cardinals.
2. The late Pope John Paul II selection Father Avery Robert Dulles makes Dulles the very first former agnostic-Catholic convert to be appointed as a "Prince of the Roman Catholic Church."
So just what made the late Pope John Paul II break with Church tradition and make Father Avery Robert Dulles a Cardinal and a Prince of the Church? The University professor, former United States intelligence's officer and one of the Church's most prolific authors (21 books, 700+ articles and essays - majority being theologically based), ? Because the Father Dulles wrote to the Pope and he asked him to make him a Cardinal; and that is all we will ever know about the conservative and very traditional Pope's rational for such a historic and significant deviation of church protocol. (Which is like Harriet Miers sending George Bush a memo saying, "After all I have done for you...I think I deserve a sit on the United States Supreme Court."
Now I am certainly not trying to call into question Cardinal Dulles' credentials for being made a Cardinal, nor am assuming in any way that he is not "worthy" of the power and prestige that comes with being made a Cardinal. Instead my questions are centered around the circumstances involved in the decision to bastardized tradition, and invite an individual into the most selective and secretive organization of the planet. However, read on and see if you can develop your own theory; because as we are reminded almost daily in by the media...the Roman Catholic Church has a very difficult time when it comes to deviating from their own traditions.
College of Cardinals (90 Million Catholics - 183 Cardinals)
Cardinals are considered to be, "Princes Who Must Be Willing to Shed Their Own Blood for their Faith"
The Roman Catholic Church claims to have an unbroken history that goes back to 35 AD, some nine hundred (900) million followers throughout worldwide, with almost sixty-four (64) million of them living in the United States. These numbers make Roman Catholicism the largest Christian Church in the world today.
Since 1903, there have been a total of just six hundred-thirty (630) men admitted to the College of Cardinals; presently there one hundred eighty-three (183) active cardinals. Which makes this college the most selective and all secret societies throughout the world The late Pope John Paul II had appointed all but two (2) of the current one hundred and seventeen (117) eligible (less than eighty years old) Cardinal electors. The electors come from a total of five (5) separate continents, and hail from fifty-three (53) individual countries. The majority of the current electors seventy-seven (77) currently serve as the head of a major metropolitan archdiocese, while twenty-three (23) work in Vatican and the remaining seventeen (17) have no official post.
According to Canon 350 of the Code of Canon Law, the College of Cardinals is divided into three orders, of which all must be appointed by the Pope himself:
* the Episcopal order (cardinal bishops)
* the Presbyteral order (cardinal priests)
* the Diaconal order (cardinal deacons)
A New Prince for The House of Dulles
On August 24th 1918, Cardinal Avery Robert Dulles, became the scion to the powerful diplomatic House of Dulles, born into one of the most powerful and wealthy of American political families.
In spite of having a spirited and liberal Presbyterians Minister as one's grandfather, who just happened to be a co-founder of the American Theological Society, Allen Macy Dulles must have certainty been surprised by his grandson's claims of being agnostic during the first twenty-three years of Avery Dulles' life.
In 1936, Avery Dulles decided to do what generations of other Dulles men had done; and he went off to attend (what must now be consider the second most selective college in the world) Harvard University, with his childhood and high school buddy John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Kennedy would later become the nation's youngest and first Roman Catholic President of the United States of America, despite frequent protests that it would be like having "The Vatican move into the White House." Conflicting stories make it impossible to know just how Avery's father, John Foster Dulles, really felt about his son Avery hanging with the Kennedy Boys.
Shortly after his graduation from Harvard he began working as an intelligence officer in the United States Naval Reserve, only later deciding to join the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), August 14, 1946.
The Dulles-Foster-Lansing Diplomatic Dynasty
Cardinal Avery Dulles' father, John Foster Dulles, love of diplomacy was said to have been fostered and nurtured by his love of his paternal grandfather John Watson Foster, who had been a former U.S. Minister to Mexico (1873—80), to Russia (1880—81) and to Spain (1883—85) as well as Benjamin Harrison's United States Secretary of State (1892-1893); also being the great-grandson of Theodore Medad Pomeroy, a former United States Congressman and Speaker of the House of Representatives; and being the great-great nephew of John Welsch, a former Minister to the Court of Saint James of the United Kingdom (1877-1879).
In 1907, John Foster Dulles, whose grandfather John W. Foster and uncle Robert Lansing both also served as Secretaries of State, in 1892-93 and 1915-20, respectively; embarked on his own maiden diplomatic mission when he was still a college student at Princeton University. Grandpa Foster was then an adviser to the Chinese government in Washington, when he hired his grandson John F. Dulles to act as the Chinese delegation's secretary for the Second Hague Conference in 1907. Although very little was accomplished at that conference, Dulles was significantly enchanted by the proceedings.
Throughout the future Secretary of State's life, Dulles frequently would recall how he managed to subvert a thorny protocol problem; pertaining to which delegates should be received first. Dulles liked to brag that his ingenuity that day that got the conference off to a quick start, and averting a world war for at least seven years.
Cardinal Avery Robert Dulles father John Foster Dulles, former United States Secretary of State; married the late Janet Pomeroy AVERY Dulles in 1917; he is the nephew of Allen Welsh Dulles, who was America's second director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) 1953-1961, who was fired by Cardinal Dulles' high school & college buddy President John F. Kennedy for his handling of the "Bay of Pigs" fiasco, but was later appointed by President Lydon B. Johnson as a member of the Warren Commission (one of the investigators of the Kennedy assassination) in 1963; he was the nephew of Robert Lansing, yet another United States Secretary of State, Associate Counsel in the Bering Sea Arbitration in (1892-93) and founders of the American Society of International Law; he was also the nephew of Eleanor Lansing Dulles, who organized of the ‘Berlin Desk’ before the end of WWII, was the U.S. Political Adviser in Austria and assisted President Franklin D. Roosevelt in setting up the Social Security system during her two (2) decades of service in the United States State Department. He was also the nephew of Foster Rhea Dulles, a very well noted United States historian, political theorist and author. I should also perhaps also point out here, the Rockefeller and Avery families have been inter-married since John D. Rockefeller's grandmother Lucy Avery (1786 - 1867) first married Godfrey Rockefeller back on November 20th in 1806..
Avery's father, John Foster Dulles, was appointed in 1918 by the Secretary of War to be its official liaison between the US War Department and the US War Trade Board; and in July of that year he elevated to the role of Assistant to the Chairman of the War Trade Board; he was a 40 year employee and Senior Partner of one of the most powerful Wall Street's law firms - Sullivan & Cromwell; a former US Secretary of State during the Eisenhower administration; a Chairman of the Board for the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; former Chairman and Co-founder of the Federal Council of Churches Commissions (1940-1946); Chairman of the General Education Board; namesake of Washington "Dulles" International Airport (located in Dulles, Virginia) and a former Trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation; served briefly in the United States Senate from July 7, 1949 to November 8, 1949, when New York Governor Thomas Dewey appointed him to serve the remainder of retiring Senator Robert Wagner’s term.
In 1939, as war threatened to break out in Europe, Dulles published his first book War, Peace and Change; an expression of his views on the growth of fascism and the menace of war. Then later published in 1949, a book titled "War of Peace."
He was a founding member of the Council of Foreign Relations (CFR), as was his brother Allen Welsch Dulles, as well as being a member of the New York State Banking Board, City of New York Bar Association, Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Delta Phi, Union Theological Seminary and the New York Public Library. He also served on the board of directors of both the Fifth Avenue Bank and The Bank of New York.
So what does it all mean for America?
Cardinal Dulles' selection was likely a papal tribute to Cardinal Dulles' theology efforts here the in the United States. Avery Dulles, with no argument from of his peers, has been the leader in American theological circles for more than forty (40) years now, and he stands as an exemplar example of some prime intellectual virtues excepted of a priest; virtues that seem to have escaped many of his US colleagues during that same turbulent time period. Thus, in honoring Avery Dulles, Pope John Paul II may have been trying to honor those same virtues. However, there are many other ways that the Pope could honored the efforts of Dulles; but making him a Cardinal was by far... the greatest honor the the Pope could select by himself.
Therefore, this honor may not necessarily be a tribute to Dulles' past works, but more of a seal-of-approval for his future efforts in reforming the US Church.
HOMILY OF CARDINAL AVERY DULLES AT THE 50th ANNUAL RED MASS -- (Extensions of Remarks - November 04, 2003)
IN THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 2003
* Mr. HYDE. Mr. Speaker, I would like to call attention to the remarks given by Cardinal Avery Dulles during his homily for the 50th Annual Red Mass at St. Matthews Cathedral in Washington, D.C. The Red Mass--named for the red vestments worn by the celebrants and the color of fire, symbolizing the Holy Spirit--is celebrated annually in Washington the Sunday before the new U.S. Supreme Court session begins. This liturgy invokes guidance and wisdom on judges, attorneys, government officials and Supreme Court justices in their administration of justice. The Red Mass is sponsored by the John Carroll Society, a Washington area organization of lay professionals. This year marks the 50th Anniversary of the Red Mass.
* Cardinal Dulles is an internationally-recognized theologian and is one of the leading thinkers of the American Catholic Church. He was born in New York in 1918 to John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State under President Dwight Eisenhower, and Janet Pomeroy Avery Dulles, and was ordained a Jesuit priest in 1956. Cardinal Dulles has written over 700 articles and 22 books on Catholic theology and has served on the faculty of Woodstock College and the Catholic University of America. Currently, he is the Laurence J. McGinley Professor of Religion and Society at Fordham University. He was elevated to the College of Cardinals in February 2001.
* During his homily, Cardinal Dulles spoke on the subject of law and spirit. He said that law and spirit are "inextricably conjoined" and that laws are unsustainable without a moral and spiritual foundation. He also talked about our overly litigious society and the dangers of an obsessive legalism in the absence of virtue and grace. To sustain law and to enhance the relationship between spirit and law, Cardinal Dulles emphasized families, schools and churches as the primary agents for transmitting moral values and principles. He stated that "the family, as the nucleus where life is born and where coming generations are formed, is today under severe pressure", and that it needs to be protected.
Ummm, excuse me Mr. Speaker, I would like to now submit these remarks about Cardinal Dulles for the RECORD:
Could a "Separation of Church and State" ever be more blurred here in America, than it is today? If this debate is now about anything at all, it is about rewriting America's history; in particular, as to what the Founders Fathers of America truly wanted the role religion to be in crafting the policies of this country. Separationists (liberals) believe that that our founders always intended that there would be a very clear separation of the church and state, and did so by depriving the states of having any power to either aid or hinder the development of any/all religious institution. However, accomodationists (conservatives) now claim that the federal government had always retained that power (with certain limitations) for itself, so that in the future it would be possible for the federal government to occasionally tweak its Constitution as a means of achieving any necessary religious and/or moral objectives.
Zenit News Agency - The World Seen From Rome - Cardinal Avery Dulles encourages US bishops to dialogue with dissenting Catholic politicians about their moral responsibilities.(Now that's got to be far more effective and much easier to accept coming from a Cardinal... than it ever would have been coming from a priest!)
Cardinal Dulles clarifies "his" support for the death penalty (and that is what really matter most now!)
A Great New Push For Reform
Like a battle cry Cardinal Dulles firmly states, "Reforms ought to be undertaken by the leadership of its bishops. Unfortunately however, the prestige of the American bishops is at the moment at a all time low." But it maybe even worse than that. Dulles goes on to says: "According to the [bishop’s] job description in the official documents, the bishop ought to be a man of high culture, firm in faith, solid in orthodoxy, a paragon of holiness, graciously winning in personality, able to assess the talents and weaknesses of others, skilled at managing large corporations and conducting fiscal policy, eloquent in the pulpit, fearless under criticism, indefatigable, and always self-possessed." However, says Dulles, "Many of the candidates being elevated to the episcopate, it would seem, are men of ordinary abilities…." Ouch! In the past, Dulles’ words would have been deemed as inappropriate of member of the church hierarchy, and Dulles would have been charged for being insubordinate…by his own peers. Thus these are truly blunt words indeed!
But if the Church is in need of "far-reaching" reform and if, as Dulles also says, many bishops are "incapable of measuring up" to their office, then cooperation between clergy and laity will inevitably involve some criticism — even "far-reaching" criticism — of the hierarchy by laymen. However, there are those Catholics, usually on the conservative side, who believe that the bishops and especially the Pope are beyond any sort of fraternal correction or criticism. Cardinal Dulles disagrees: "Since all the members of the Church, including the Pope and the bishops, are limited in virtue and ability, they may fail to live up to the principles of the faith itself. When guilty of negligence, timidity, or misjudgment, they may need to be corrected, as Paul, for example, once corrected Peter (Galatians 2:11)."
There is a great new evangelical push that is spreading across America, it hopes to give birth to a whole new form of "Evangelical Catholic." A Catholic who will be a Christian first, fully committed to living an evangelical life; and always in sink with the image that is presented by its own evangelical ministry, or perhaps an easier definition here might be "we have sparred the rod for far too long, and our child is now spoiled...so now we going back to a time when the sons and daughters were far more obedient and generous with their wallets"
The new Evangelical Catholic will be asked to lament the tragic divisions that our now plaguing the World, which first began rising up during the Reformation in 16th Century. They will hear a far less triumphant attitude from their Catholic or Protestant sectarians, these Catholics will be filled up with the sorrow for the world and its daily impoverishment; which was single-handedly brought about its lost of religious direction, causing a separation of the evangelical from the Catholic aspects faith, thus proving that only an Evangelical Catholic can be truly serving the will of God. Perhaps a better way to define this, "OK, the carrot doesn't seem to be working anymore, so now the Church is going to get the big stick."
Going forward, the Evangelical Catholic will dedicate their entire life to God, if they wish to live their days in the bosom and under the daily protection of the Holy Church; but presumably will be made to suffer a daily deep sense of personal loss, which shall be brought about by daily reminder of the evangelical impoverishment of the rest of the world. Continually reinforcing the fact that only through their blind faith in Lord and by obeying His clergy without question...will they ever come to truly know His love, and share in His treasures; more importantly to be saved from His wrath that will be coming if they change their wicked ways.
FIRST THINGS - True & False Reform - August/September 2003
In 2000, the late Pope John Paul II, delivered a baroque-like and bombastic confession relating to some of the Church's past transgressions, staged with several of his cardinals at St. Peter's Cathedral, and not surprisingly the Pope remained vague, non-specific and completely ambiguous. However, the pope only asked for the forgiveness of the transgressions brought about by the "sons and daughters" of the Catholic Church, but not for those of the "Holy Fathers," those of the "Church itself" or those of the Church’s hierarchies that were present at the event.
For the Roman Catholic Church on the inside, Pope John Paul II, despite all of his positive aspects, on the whole surely proved to be a great disappointment; and ultimately in the end, a disaster. As a result of his numerous contradictions, this last Pope has left a Catholic Church that is now very deeply polarized, alienated millions and allowed the Church to be plunged into an epochal crisis -- a structural crisis that, after a quarter century, now reveals many fatal deficits in terms of its development and a need for significant reform.
Contrary to the many of the intentions that were conveyed at the Vatican Council II; that medieval Roman system, with a power apparatus that had far too many totalitarian features, it was completely restored by some very clever and ruthless personnel... and by changing a number of academic policies. Bishops were brought into line, pastors overloaded, theologians muzzled, the laity deprived of their rights, women discriminated against, national synods and churchgoers' requests simply went ignored, along with sex scandals far to numerous to count; prohibitions on discussion; liturgical spoon-feeding; a ban on sermons by lay theologians; incitement to denunciation; and a prevention of Holy Communion -- "the world and the 1960s" can hardly be blamed for all of this!!
If the next pope is to continue the policies of this last one, he would only be reinforcing an enormous backup of problems and turn the Catholic Church's current structural crisis into what is certain to quickly evolve into a hopeless situation. Instead, a new pope must decide in favor of a change in course, but this change must be a step forward, one that will inspire the church to embark down some new paths -- in the spirit of John XXIII and in keeping with the impetus for reform that were first brought about by the Second Vatican Council.
However, if Cardinal Avery Dulles is to be the new Chief Marketing Officer of the US Catholic Church. A Prince now possibly charged with reforming His Kingdom, if this is the case then we all may want to drop to their knees and just start praying now. For if this Cardinal is charged with reforming the US Catholic Church, who has the diplomatic genes of a Dulles, the unscrupulous business cunning of a Rockefeller; as well as the blessing and backing of both the Vatican and the White House.......you can expect that the New World Order conspiracy theorist to start screaming any moment now ...."Black Pope...Black Pope!"
The Making of a Cardinal
Robert Lansing Papers | Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library
John Foster Dulles Papers, Selected Correspondence and Related ...
Allen W. Dulles Papers - Series 1 Folder List: Correspondence...
Allen Dulles (1893-1969) OSS Operative (1942-45) | CIA Director ...
Foreign Affairs - That Was Then: Allen W. Dulles on the Occupation
Amazon.com: Books: Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles
Fordham Urban Law Journal: Response to Avery Cardinal Dulles
Chamish - Final Thoughts Before My American Tour
“The Catholic Church [following the Second Vatican Council] became in a true sense evangelical…Paul VI followed this up in many ways. John Paul II has carried this evangelical shift yet further…the evangelical turn in the ecclesial vision of Popes Paul VI and John Paul II is one of the most surprising and important developments in the Catholic Church since Vatican II."
·"Religious illiteracy has sunk to a new low."
·"Dissent is rampant…."
"The call for a new evangelization strongly issued by Paul VI and John Paul II has fallen, as it would seem, on to deaf ears."
"Liturgical laws are often flouted."
"Religious practice is falling off. Many fail to attend Mass on Sundays. The sacrament of Penance is neglected by the vast majority of Catholics. There is a serious dearth of vocations…."
"The immoral behavior of Catholics, both lay and clergy, is a cause of scandal and defections…. The morality of Catholics all too often sinks below the standards commonly observed by Protestants and unbelievers." (There's a nice dig and a clear message to the people...Roman Catholism is the ONLY right answer)
Various quotes from Roman Catholic Cardinal Avery Robert Dulles