Saturday, December 17, 2005

TIME's 2004 Man of the Year

Henry Luce, Briton Hadden, George W. Bush and TIME Magazine

Before I get into the main subject of my article, "How the Hell Did United States President George W. Bush Get To Be Named The 2004 'TIME Man of the Year'," there is something that I feel I truly need to set straight here... about the Bush family.

The Bush Family comes from a long and illustrious ancestry, which is not confined to just these two U.S. Presidents and his brother the governor of the State of Florida; for the Bushs have the blood of at least a dozen European Kings coursing through their veins. Presidents George Herbert Walker Bush (S&B 1947), George W. Bush’s (S&B 1968), Senator Prescott Sheldon Bush (S&B 1917) (along with at least eight (8) other Bush/Walker members of Skull & Bones) royal descendants including; King Henry I, King Henry II, King Edward I, and Queen Elizabeth II of England; King Malcolm III, King Robert II and King William I of Scotland; King Louis XV and King Louis XVI of France; King Bernard of Italy, Queen Isabella I of Castile, Philip II of Macedonia, Alexander the Great, Charlemagne and on back to the Pharaoh Ramses II of Egypt.

Through much of the 20th Century, the Bushes family has tried to impress upon Americans that they were just your average ordinary American family. However, ask yourself if this is either average or ordinary (for most Americans). President Bush’s great-great grandfather made his first before the year 1900, his son (Bush’s great grandfather) maintained homes at One Sutton Place in New York City, a Long Island estate, a home in Santa Barbara, CA; as well as maintaining vacations homes at both Walker’s Point, Kennebunkport, Maine and a 10,000 acre plantation in Charleston, South Carolina; often traveling between them in his own private rail car.

His grandparents (Senator Prescott Sheldon Bush and Dorothy Walker Bush) maintained homes on the posh island retreat on Jupiter Island, Florida (America’s wealthiest ZIP Code); where they were neighbors were the Du Ponts, the Doubledays, the Roosevelts, the Lovetts, the Browns, the Vanderbilts, the Mercks, the Whitneys, the Searles, the Harrimans and a number of the other American super elite of the Gilded Age.

Let’s Make No Bones About This, Some Answers Would Be Nice!

The Skulls & Bones at Yale University has likely not changed too much since its founding in 1832. Each year fifteen (15) third year undergraduates are tapped for inclusion into what has become known as America’s most selective secret society. Started one hundred and seventy two (172) years ago by William H. Russell and Alphonso Taft (father of the future United States President and Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft); now has about 2,580 Yale graduates in its alumni members who have been initiated into "The Order." Therefore at any given time, there is likely about 500 to 600 Yale Bonesmen (as they are referred to) who are alive throughout the world.

However, long before the TIME Magazine's Skull & Bones brothers Henry Robinson Luce (S&B 1920) and Briton Hadden (S&B 1920) had ever even thought about starting their own publishing empire, they were students together at The Hotchkiss School in Connecticut, where Luce had taken a leading role in several of the school's publications. As a scholarship student, Luce was forced to split his time between waiting on tables after school and editing the Hotchkiss Literary Monthly; where he held the position of editor-in-chief. He was also an assistant managing editor of the weekly school newspaper (The Record), working along side its editor-in-Chief Briton Hadden, his best friend and future business partner.

Luce would later recall his relationship with Hadden as: "Somehow, despite the greatest differences in temperaments and even in interests, somehow we had to work together. We were an organization. At the center of our lives - our job, our function - at that point everything we had belonged to each other."

Their camaraderie continued to develop as the two enrolled together as members of the class of 1920 at Yale University. Briton Hadden became the Chairman, and Henry R. Luce served as the Editor-in-Chief of the Yale Daily News. Luce and Hadden also entered into Yale University's Reserve Officers Training Corps, and both rose to the rank of Second Lieutenant. Luce often spoke of the countless nights he spent at Camp Jackson in South Carolina with Hadden discussing journalism and the need for a new kind of newspaper or magazine to help educate a misinformed populace. Luce was voted "most brilliant" of his class at Yale University and, after graduation, but they parted ways with Hadden went to study history at Oxford University in England for a year.

Henry R. Luce returned to the United States and accepted a job as a cub reporter for the Chicago Daily News. He later joined Hadden in Baltimore in December 1921 where they worked side by side as reporters for The Baltimore News. Nightly discussions of the concept of a news magazine led the two, who were both then 23 years old, to quit their jobs in 1922. Having raised $86,000 of their $100,000 goal, the first issue of TIME hit the new stands on March 3, 1923.

TIME Magazine had been created in 1923 as the mouthpiece for the American Synarchists movement, and was focused around the banking interests of J.P. Morgan. Initial members of its board of directors of TIME included Harry P. Davison, Jr. (S&B 1920), a fellow classmate and Bonesmen, whose father was a senior partner and a chief lieutenant of J.P. Morgan (Davison's great Aunt Eliza Davison was married to John D. Rockefeller), who had brought in Dwight Morrow, who was another Morgan partner; to finance the magazine start up. J.P. Morgan's interests were further strengthened, when in 1927, John Wesley Hanes was placed on the board.

Additional TIME start-up funding also came from Rockefeller Standard Oil partner William Hale Harkness, who's daughter Louise was married Luce's fellow Bonesmen David Sinton Ingalls (S&B 1920); who was the grandson of Charles Phelps Taft I and the nephew of Charles Phelps Taft II (S&B 1918) and the Great Uncle of the current Governor of the State of Ohio...Robert A. Taft, II.

Charles Phelps Taft's brother was William Howard Taft (S&B 1878), the only American who has ever held the titles of both President of the United States of America and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court; who had also served as the Governor of the Philippine Islands and the United States Secretary of War. William H Taft's father Alphonso Taft (S&B 1833) served as the United States Minister of Austria from 1882-84, of Russia from 1884-85; as the Secretary of War for the United States of America in 1876, the Attorney General of the United States from 1876-77 and had founded the Skulls and Bones with William Russell (S&B 1833) in 1865.

In an article in 1928, Luce declared that the U.S. Constitution obsolete and called for "a new form of government." What was this new form of government? In March of the same year, in a speech to businessmen in Rochester, N.Y., he stated "America needs at this moment a moral leader, a national moral leader. The outstanding national moral leader of the world today is Mussolini." On Nov. 28, 1930, he stated to a Chicago audience, “that Mussolini's Italy was a success story: A state reborn by virtue of Fascist symbols, Fascist rank and hence Fascist enterprise."

Luce further declared, on April 19, 1934 in a speech to the Scranton, Pennsylvania Chamber of Commerce, "The moral force of Fascism, appearing in totally different forms in different nations, may be the inspiration for the next general march of mankind." Additionally, as Morgan and the Rockefeller's continued to funnel Luce more start-up cash, Henry tapped even more of his friends from the Yale secret brotherhood to help create and run what would becoming America's great propaganda empire. In 1930, for example, Luce chose Russell Wheeler Davenport (S&B 1923), to become Fortune magazine's very first editor-in-chief.

In 1936, he founded Life magazine and in 1954, Sports Illustrated, which broke all the circulation records set by Life and boasted an initial print order of 550,000. It was these magazine giants, as well as all the other publishing ventures of the TIME Inc. Enterprise, that Henry Luce resided over as editor-in-chief until his retirement in 1964.

However, to truly understand why Henry Luce would be so damn proud to see his fellow Bonesmen (President George W. Bush) as TIME's Man of the Year, one really only needs to read the February 7th, 1941 issue of Life magazine. Here the founder and publisher authored, and signed his own editorial named, "The American Century." In the article Luce announces that the American Synarchists intend to rule the world by the close of the war, and to impose their own version of the "American Values" upon the entire world, through "any means necessary." Luce's thesis was mass reproduced and it then quickly circulated throughout the United States and the World.

Luce was an unabashed promoter of Synarchy, often appearing before business groups and promulgating the idea that America's corporate and banking elites were more powerful and important than the United States government. He is even quoted as saying, "It is not a seat in the United States Congress, but on the directorate of the greatest corporations which our countrymen regard as the greater post of honor and responsibility." Portraying the American financial tycoons as some kind of European aristocracy, and image the fact that a reoccurring theme in the pages of his magazines.

The TIME/LIFE Powerbase

Briton Hadden (S&B -1920) Co-Founder 1923, TIME Magazine; Hadden was the co-founder of TIME, Inc. in 1923 with Henry R. Luce. He died only six years later, at the age of 31, "from a bloodstream infection following an attack of influenza." (Briton Hadden Dies. New York Times, Feb. 28, 1929.) He was a one-third owner of the stock and left an estate valued at $1,028,724 net. (Yale Gets Fortune of Samuel R. Betts. New York Times, Dec. 30, 1930.)

Briton Hadden's grandfather, Crowell Hadden (1840-1930) was a trustee of the Franklin Trust Company in 1898, along with Thomas E. Stillman, formerly of the Butler law firm that created the Central Trust Company, and a relative of Charles L. Stillman of TIME; and Edwin Packard, president of the New York Guaranty & Indemnity Company. Briton Hadden's father, Crowell Hadden Jr., who died in 1905, was its Assistant Secretary. (Display Ad. New York Times, Jan. 10, 1898 p. WFRQS8; Crowell Hadden, Banker, Dies At 90. New York Times, Aug. 10, 1930 - which also states that his son, Howard S. Hadde, was in Berlin at that time.)

William Allen Butler, Jr., the son of Stillman's former law partner, succeeded Stillman after his death in 1906, and was a trustee of the Franklin Trust until it merged with the State Bank of America in 1920, while Crowell Hadden continued as a director of the Bank of America until his death.

Henry Robinson Luce (S&B 1920) Co-Founder of and Editor-in-Chief of TIME Magazine '23, Life Magazine '36, Fortune Magazine '30, Sports Illustrated Magazine, Architectural Forum Magazine, House & Home Magazine, New York City; Director, Aid Refugee Chinese Intellectuals, American Korean Foundation, Korea Society, Union Theological Seminary, University of Andes Foundation; Trustee American Heritage Foundation, China Institute of American, Metropolitan Museum Art, Yale-in-China Association; Sponsor, International Friendship League, Save the Children Fund, World Brotherhood I; Member 47-56, Yale University Council, Bonesman with David Sinton Ingalls and Harry Pomeroy; 2nd Lieutenant FA WW I.

He married Lila Ross Hotz, and then Clare Boothe Brokaw Luce (Editor of Vanity Fair, War Correspondent for Life Magazine, US Congresswoman from Connecticut and Ambassador to Italy).

William V. Griffin, Yale class of 1912 (although not a member of Skull & Bones), was one of the original investors in TIME, Inc. He was the business manager for James Cox Brady, the son of Anthony N. Brady, the largest stockholder in the American Tobacco Company; and president of the Brady Security and Realty Corp. Anthony Brady's original financiers and mentors had been Frederick P. Olcott, President of the Central Trust Company of Albany, N.Y., and his successor, James N. Wallace. (Young Counselors. TIME Magazine, July 31, 1933)

Griffin married Isabel Carden, daughter of Dallas banker George A. Carden. His ushers were Louis Connick, Charles Parson, and Dr. Louis H. Levy of New York, Leone Monichetti of Florence, Italy, A.A. Green and G.W.F. Green of Dallas; and Charles B. Waller of Wilkes-Barre, Pa. was best man. (William. V. Griffin to Wed in Dallas. New York Times, June 21, 1914.)

Griffin's sister-in-law, Caroline Burns Carden, married Captain Gerald C. Maxwell, of the staff of the British Air Ministry (Captain Maxwell Weds Miss Carden. New York Times, March 9, 1920.) His sister-in-law, Mary Elizabeth Carden, married Ralph McAllister Ingersoll, the managing editor of The New Yorker. (Miss Carden Bride of R.M. Ingersoll. New York Times, Nov. 19, 1926.) Ingersoll was later the general manager of TIME, Inc. publications. They were divorced in 1938 (Mrs. R.M. Ingersoll Gets Reno Divorce. New York Times, Mar. 20, 1938; Mrs. Mary E. Ingersoll Is Dead; Was Partner in Literary Agency. New York Times, Dec. 26, 1964.)

Griffin's brother-in-law, Dr. George Alexander Carden, Jr., Yale 1931, married Mary Robinson Lambert, granddaughter of Dr. & Mrs. Adrian V.S. Lambert, (S&B 1893). They were married by the Reverend Henry Sloan Coffin, (S&B 1897). (Mary R. Lambert Bride in Garden. New York Times, Aug. 18, 1940.) She died two years later at the age of 34. (Mrs. G.A. Carden Jr., A Welfare Worker. New York Times, Apr. 29, 1942)

Griffin was Secretary of the Thomson Hill Land Improvement Company, 54 Wall Street, whose president was Andre Weill. The firm held land in Long Island City, N.Y. (Display Ad. New York Times, April 24, 1914; April 24, 1917.) Griffin was its president in 1926-1951. (Thomson Hill Lots Lead Queens Sales. New York Times, Oct. 26, 1926. Display Ad. New York Times, April 17, 1939; April 17, 1951, et al.) Anthony N. Brady's interests in the firm included 25 shares, worth $162,500. (A.N. Brady's Estate Worth $77,042,443. New York Times, Nov. 20, 1913.)

William V. Griffin and James C. Brady, Nicholas F. Brady, Mrs. Nicholas F. Brady, and Vincent Astor were members of the Endowment Fund Committee of the New York Post-Graduate Medical School (Seek $2,000,000 For Post-Graduate. New York Times, April 4, 1920.) Astor and James C. Brady were elected directors, and Griffin was elected a director and First Vice President in 1924. It was the first all-lay board. (Hospital Elects Board of Laymen. New York Times, Nov. 21, 1924.)

Mrs. William V. Griffin was elected Treasurer of the Ladies Auxiliary Committee; Mrs. James C. Brady, Mrs. Henry P. Davison (S&B 1884), and Mrs. Oliver Harriman were members. (Benefit Performance In Aid of Hospital. New York Times, March 1, 1925.) Mrs. Griffin and Mrs. Brady raised more funds ("Whoopee" Will Aide Babies' Ward. New York Times, Dec. 5, 1928.)

In 1930, the Post-Graduate Hospital merged with the Reconstruction Hospital, with Griffin and Astor on the combined board (Two Hospitals Plan to Merge By Jan. 1. New York Times, Nov. 30, 1929; Hospital Union Effected. New York Times, Jan. 2, 1930.) Griffin was re-elected, and Astor was re-elected for four years (Astor On Hospital Board. New York Times, Jan. 28, 1932.) Griffin was a member of the special gifts committee in 1946, along with John “Jock” Hay Whitney. (Group to Aid Fund Drive. New York Times, Jan. 8, 1946.)

Griffin was a director of The Cuba Company, along with Howard Mansfield (S&B 1871), Percy A. Rockefeller (S&B 1900), and George Herbert Walker (father of, father-in-law of, business partner of, co-worker of, brother-in-law of, grandfather and great-grandfather of numerous Bonesmen, including two United States President). Its bonds were sold by W.A. Harriman & Co. and Blair & Co. (Display Ad 32. New York Times, Jan. 14, 1925.) Griffin was elected to the board of directors of the American Brown Boveri Electric Corporation when it bought the Moloney Electric Corporation of St. Louis. (Brown Boveri Buys Moloney Electric. New York Times, Nov. 25, 1925.)

Griffin was elected to the board of trustees of the United Hospital Fund, along with Stanley Resor, president of the J. Walter Thompson advertising agency. (Harris Pledges Aid to Hospitals. New York Times, Jan. 12, 1926.) Griffin and Winthrop W. Aldrich were trustees in 1930 when John D. Rockefeller, Jr. and Edward S. Harkness both contributed $25,000 (2 Gifts of $25,000 Aid Hospital Drive. New York Times, Dec. 9, 1930.)

NOTE: William Lamon & Edith Hale Harkness were the parents of Louise Harkness Ingalls, the wife of David Sinton Ingalls, and a first cousin of Edward S. Harkness.

Griffin was elected to the executive committee in 1938. (Head of Hospital Fund Elected for Fourth Term. New York Times, Feb. 2, 1938.) Griffin was a director when the Interstate Trust Company merged with the Franklin National Bank and acquired Bloomingdale Brothers Private Bank. (Display Ad. New York Times, June 2, 1927; Jan. 18, 1928.)

Griffin was elected a director of the Bank of Manhattan Trust Company. (Changes In Companies. New York Times, May 3, 1930; Display Ad. Jan. 3, 1940.) He was a member of the combined board when the Bank of the Manhattan merged with Chase National Bank, whose directors included John J. McCloy, Chairman, and Laurance S. Rockefeller. (Directors Designated. New York Times, Feb. 18, 1955.)

Griffin and James C. Brady Jr. were directors of investment counseling firm C.W. Young & Company (Advisory Firm Formed. New York Times, July 19, 1933.) Henry R. Luce, William V. Griffin, James A. Linen 3d, and Charles L. Stillman of TIME, Inc. were stockholders in a syndicate that bought seven suburban weekly newspapers in the Los Angeles area. Other stockholders included John Hay Whitney and S. Winston Childs. (Coast Weeklies Bought. New York Times, May 9, 1948). The venture was suspended the next year. (Publishers Suspend Los Angeles Venture. New York Times, Aug. 4, 1949).

Griffin was appointed to the President's Council of Georgetown University in 1953. He was national president of the English-Speaking Union [1947-57], chairman of the Brady Security and Realty Corporation and a trustee of the estate of James C. Brady, and a director of the Bank of Manhattan; Central Railroad of New Jersey; Continental Oil Company; Purolator Products; TIME, Inc.; and the Trudeau Sanitorium, and a trustee of the United Hospital Fund of New York. (Joins President's Council of Georgetown University. New York Times, May 31, 1953; William Griffin, Business Leader. New York Times, Jan. 16, 1958.)

Thomas J. Watson, Jr., the president of International Business Machines, replaced Griffin on Time's board of directors (Watson on TIME, Inc., Board. New York Times, Jan. 6, 1959.)

NOTE:

John D. and William G Rockefeller were the Venture Capital funding behind International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)


Henry Pomeroy Davison – (S&B 1884) Chairman of the Executive Committee, J.P. Morgan and Company; Vice President, First National Bank, 1902 (New York City), Director of the Bankers' Trust Company, Director of the American Foreign Securities Company, Member, 1912 Money Trust, Chairman of the War Council, American Red Cross, 1917 to 1919.1919, in Paris, Chairman, Governing Board of the World League of Red Cross Societies. He married Mary Waterbury (Baldwin) Trubee.

Harry Pomeroy Davison (S&B 1920) Senior Vice President, JP Morgan & Company, Member, 1912 Money Trust, (New York City); Lieutenant, Naval Air Service WWI; Commander, USN WWII. He married Eleanor Sparks.

Artemus Lamb Gates (S&B 1918) Chairman of the Board, Director, Lawyers Title Corporation of New York; President of New York Trust Company 29-41; Director, Union Pacific Railroad, Time, Inc., Boeing Company, American Superpower Corporation, North British & Mercantile Insurance Companies; Trustee, Mutual Life Insurance; Assistant 41-45, Navy Secretary for Air; Under Secretary of the 45, Navy; Lieutenant Commander 17-19, Naval Air Service. He married Alice Trubee Davison, the sister of Harry Pomeroy Davison Jr. (S&B 1920) and Fredrick Trubee Davison (S&B 1918); and the daughter of Henry Pomeroy Davison (S&B 1884) and Mary Waterbury (Baldwin) Trubee.

Daniel Pomeroy Davison - (S&B 1943) General Manager, Morgan Guaranty Trust Company (London); Chairman, President, US Trust Corporation; Senior Vice President, Morgan Guaranty Trust; Director, Scovill Manufacturing Company; Burlington Northern Railroad; Todd Shipyards; Atlantic Companies; Discount Corporation; Northwestern States Portland Cement Company; Yale Development Board; Yale University Alumni Board; 2nd Lieutenant 1943-45, USAAF. He married Catherine Cheremeteff.

Fredrick Trubee Davison - (S&B - 1918) Director of Personnel, the United States CIA, 51; President 33-53, American Museum of Natural History; Assistant United States Secretary 26-33 War for Air; Trustee, Mutual Life Insurance Company; Member 21-26, New York State Legislature; Member of New York State Assembly, Nassau County 2nd District, 1922-26; Candidate for Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1932; Member 31-53, Yale Corporation; Lt, Naval Air Service WWI; Brigadier General, USAF WWII.


Henry Luce's Bones Powerbase
(The Brotherhood of Bones)


David Sinton Ingalls (S&B 1920) President, Publisher 54-58, Cincinnati Publishing Company; Vice President & Manager 40-42, Charge of Overseas Operations 45-49 Pan American World Airways; Director 33-35, Health & Welfare (Cleveland); Assistant Secretary 29-32, Navy for Aeronautics; Member 26-29, Ohio House of Representatives; 23-29 w/Squire, Sanders & Dempsey (Cleveland); US Naval Aviation 17-19, 42-45; Captain; Rear Admiral United States Navy Reserves WWI, WWII. (As mentioned above, Ingalls married the Standard Oil heiress Louise Harkness)

Mr. Sinton’s mother was the only daughter of Charles Phelps Taft, who was the editor of the Cincinnati Times-Star. (He was the brother of United States President & Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft, the uncle of Robert Alphonso Taft and granduncle of the governor of Ohio Robert A Taft, Jr.), a United States Representative from Ohio; born in Cincinnati, Ohio, December 21, 1843; attended the common schools and was graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., in 1860, from Yale College in 1864, and from Columbia College Law School of New York in 1866; was admitted to the bar in 1866; went to Germany and was graduated from the University of Heidelberg in 1867; commenced the practice of law in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1869; member of the State house of representatives 1871-1873; became owner and editor of the Cincinnati Times-Star in 1879.

Morehead Patterson - (S&B 1920) Vice President, Director, International Cigar Machinery Company; Director, Durham-Enders Razor Company; Deputy United States Representative 54, United Nations Disarmament Committee (London); United States Representative 54-55, International Atomic Agency Negotiations; Assistant Counsel, Assistant Vice President, Vice President, President, Director, Chairman 26-27, American Machine & Foundry Company (New York City); 2d Lieutenant, FA WWI. He married Elsie Parsons, Helen Mitchell and Margaret Tilt Bissell.

Francis Thayer Hobson - (S&B 1920) Chairman of the Board 31-, President, William Morrow & Company Publishers (New York City); Partner, Thayer Hobson & Company; Director, MS Mill Company, Inc. and the Jefferson House, Inc. He married Isabelle Lavis Garrabrants.

NOTE:
The William Morrow & Company Publishers are now a division of HarperCollins, which is a subsidiary of News Corporation (the owners of Fox Broadcasting).


James Mc Henry - (S&B 1920) Partner, Alexander, Brown & Sons, Baltimore; 2nd Lt FA WWI; Captain USMCR WWII. He married Marjorie Ober.

DeForest Van Slyck - (S&B 1920) President, Honorable Chairman of the Board, International Student House (DC); 46-60 with the United States CIA (DC); Partner 37-46, Fahnestock & Company (New York City); Associate 29-37 Lazard Freres (New York City); Instructor and Assistant Professor 20-29, Yale University; Member 57-67, Yale Development Committee; WWI Quartermaster 18, United States Naval Reserves; Colonel 42-45, USAAF WWII.

Frank Peavey Heffelfinger - (S&B 1920) Honorable Chairman of the Board, Executive Committee, Peavey Company (Minnesota); Vice President, General Manager 29-39, Monarch Elevator Company; Vice President 25-29, Globe Elevator Company; Secretary 21-25 Northern Elevator Company; British American Elevator Company 20, Port Arthur Elevator Company 1920; Director, Great Northern Railway Company; Member, Republican National Finance Company; Trustee Hazelden Foundation; Directors Trout Unlimited, North Star Resources & Development Institute, National Football League (NFL) Foundation, National Tax Equality Association; 2nd Lieutenant, United States Army WWI; Regional Director, War Production Board WWII. He married Elizabeth E. Bradley.

John Morris Hincks -(S&B 1920) Chairman 44, Middlesex Mutual Assurance Company (Middletown, Connecticut); 30-42, Partner, Calvin Bullock; 22-30, w/Hincks Brothers. He married Olive Burch Warner.

Charles Harvey Bradley - (S&B 1921) President 24-55, WJ Holliday & Company; President, Monarch Steel Company; President, Chairman of the Board, P R Mallory & Company, Inc.; Private 17-18, United States Marines. He married Carolyn Coffin.

Frederick McGeorge Bundy - (S&B 1921) Chairman of the Board, Cape Ann Bank & Trust; Assistant Treasurer, Chairman of the Board 23-68, Groton's of Gloucester, (Massachusetts); Member 53-54, National Fisheries Instructor; Member 56-59, Yale University Alumni Board; 2nd Lieutenant, United States Army

William Putman Bundy -(S&B 1939) 64-69, Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs; 63-64, Assistant Secretary; 61-63, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs; Senior Research Associate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Staff Director 60, President Committee on National Goals; 51-61 Board of National Estimates, the United States CIA; 47-51 Covington & Burling; Member 61-, Yale Corporation; Major 41-46, Army Signal Corps; OSS (WWII). He married Mary Acheson.

NOTE:

William P. and McGeorge’s nephew Harvey H. Bundy III later became John Kerry’s roommate. Harvey introduced John to William, who discussed the Vietnam War with John and influenced his decision to enlist in the officer corps.1 In 2004 Harvey’s son Hollister Bundy, who is Kerry’s godson, helped raise funds for Kerry/Edward’s campaign by emailing out an endorsement titled, “Uncle Johnny Kerry for President.”

1. Brinkley, Tour of Duty, 40-42, 57-58
2. Email from Hollister Bundy III, "From Hollister: ‘Uncle Johnny’ Kerry for President," January 30, 2004, forwarded by Alexander Wood to NY4Kerry – New Yorkers for John Kerry.

Harvey Hollister Bundy – (S&B 1909) Partner, Choate, Hall & Stewart,(Boston); Chairman of Trustees, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Chairman 46-52, Boston Chapter, American Red Cross; Assistant Secretary of State, 31-33; Special Assistant 41-45, Secretary of War, United States; Assistant Counsel 17-19, US Food Administration; Yale University Alumni Board; President, the World Peace Foundation; Secretary 14-15, to Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. He married Kathy Lawrence Putnam.

NOTE:

His wife Katherine Lawrence Putnam Bundy, was the daughter of Harvard President A. Lawrence Lowell and the cousin of Averell Harriman’s first wife Kitty Lanier Lawrence.


Stephen Young Hord - (S&B 1921) General Partner 45-, 32-45, w/Brown Brothers Harriman & Company; 27-32, w/Lee Higginson & Company (Chicago); 21-27 w/Chicago; Northern Trust Company (Chicago); Director 68-, Chairman Investment Committee Pension Fund 70-, Abex Corporation; Director, Member Finance Committee 47-69, American Automobile Insurance Company; Director 57-69, Associate Indemnity Corporation; Director & Member of the Executive Committee 62-, Illinois Central Industries, Inc; Director 45-, Illinois Central Railroad; Director 52-57, Rotary Electric Steel Company (Detroit); Director 57-61, Calvert Drilling Inc.; Director 64-69, National Surety Corporation (New York City); Director 57-68, Symington Wayne Corporation; Director 47-70, Midwest Stock Exchange; Directors, Chicago Tunnel Company, Tunnel Transport Company, Clearing Machine Corporation, Yazoo & Mississippi Valley Railroad; Member 54, Chicago Panel of Arbitrators for the New York Stock Exchange; Charter Trustee 63-68, Phillips Academy Andover; Council of Foreign Relations; Private 18-22, United States Marines. He married Catherine Norcross.

John Stewart - (S&B 1921) Investment Counsel; Vice President, Cooke & Bieler; President 55, Baxter & Stewart, Inc.; Vice President 65, Cooke & Bieler, Inc.; Chairman of the Board 50-54, Henry B. Warner & Company; Salesman 54-55, Harrison & Company; Manager Stock Department 37-40, Merrill, Lynch, Fenner & Smith, Phils; President 40-49, Donner Corporation; Directors, Teleflex, Inc., Bryn Mwyr Hospital, Chesapeake Utilities Corporation; Wellington Tech Industries, Inc., Cooke & Bieler, Inc.; Chairman of the Board, Church Farm School (Pennsylvania); Lieutenant 18, FA United States Army 18. He married Dorothy Browning Rodgers.

Storer Boardman Lunt - (S&B – 1921) Chairman, WW Norton Company, Inc. (New York City); Member, Government Board 55-65, Yale University Press; President 62-65, American Book Publisher's Council; President 65-69, National Publisher's Association; 2nd Lieutenant 17-18, FA. He married Margaret Knox Mc Elderry.


Henry Luce's TIME Bones Staff

Washington Dodge, Jr. – (S&B 1929) Vice President, Clark, Dodge & Co, Inc., (New York City); Member 41-44, New York Stock Exchange; Roberts & Company; Financial Editor, TIME Magazine; Editorial Assignments, Fortune Magazine; Partner 37, Arthur Wiesenberger & Company; Public Relations 33-37, Barrett & Company; Director, AG Spaulding & Brothers, Inc. Washington Dodge Jr., his father and mother all survived the sinking of the ocean liner Titanic.

John Warner Field – (S&B – 1937) President, Mine Hill Consultants (Connecticut); President CEO, Warnaco Inc (Bridgeport, Connecticut); Director, Insilco Corporation, Connecticut National Bank, People Savings Bank, Speedo Holdings Limited (Australia); Trustee 63-70, Colby College; War Correspondent, TIME, Inc. He married Priscilla Brown, and their son John Warner Field Jr. is married to Elizabeth Walker.*

NOTE:

*Elizabeth Walker is the daughter of Louis and Grace Ballard White Walker, George Herbert Walker Bush’s maternal aunt and uncle.


John Richard Hersey (S&B 1936) Author, Writer, Correspondent 40's, TIME Magazine, Life Magazine and New Yorker Magazine (Russia, China); A Bell for Adano, Into the Valley, Men on Bataan, Hiroshima-Author; Member 60-70, Yale University Council; Master 65-70, Pierson College, Yale University. He married Frances Ann Day Cannon and then Jean Barbar.

William Anthony Lydgate (S&B 1931) Chairman, Earl Newsom & Company, Inc., New York; Editor 35-, American Institute of Public Opinion (Gallop Poll); Vice President, Trustee, Yale-in-China Association; Chairman 66-, Foreign Policy Association; Public Relations; Writer 32-35, TIME Magazine; Author, What Our People Think. He married Virginia Everett Smith and then Constance Barry.

James Price McLane – (S&B 1953) Advertising Sales, TIME, Inc.; Venture Manager, General Mills (Minneapolis); Chairman 69, Lee Wards, a subsidiary of General Mills; Chairman 69, Board of Education, Minnetonka School District; Private First Class 53-55, United States Army Counter Intelligence Corps. He married Barbara C. Hamby.

Ralph Delahaye Paine, Jr. – (S&B 1929) Vice President of 64-67, Research & Development, TIME, Inc.; Publisher 52-64, Managing Editor 41-52, Fortune; War Correspondent 45, Pacific; Managing Director 39-40, March of Time, Limited London, In Charge of all TIME Magazines - European Operations, Editorial Assistant to the President of TIME Inc., 38-39, Business Editor 33-38, 31, w/ TIME Magazine; Securities Analyst 29-31, Edward B Smith & Company (New York City)

Barry Zorthian – (S&B 1941) Senior Vice President, Gray & Company (DC); President, Washington/Baltimore Regional Association; Vice President 75-79, TIME Inc.; President 69-74, TIME-Life Broadcasting Inc (New York City);

Gregory Jannig Zorthian – (S&B 1975) New Business Manager, Circulation, Fortune Magazine, TIME, Inc. (New York City); Legislative Aide, United States Representative Jonathan Bingham; Director, Deer Island Corporation. (Barry's son, see above)

Christopher Walworth Brown - (S&B 1968) Administrative Assistant to the Honorable Sam Roberts; Chief Justice, Supreme Court of the State of Pennsylvania; Publishing Trainee 69-70, TIME, Inc.; Lawyer. He married Amy Forbes Clark (US Senator and former Democratic President candidate John Forbes Kerry’s cousin).

Russell Wheeler Davenport – (S&B 1923) Public Relations Officer 47, CBS; Chief Editorial Writer 42-44, Life Magazine; Editor, Writer, Chairman of the Board 1930-41, Fortune Magazine (created the Fortune 500 companies list); Reporter 24-25, Spokesman Review, (Washington); Editorial Staff 23-24, TIME, Inc.; Private Ambulance Services, WWI AEF. He married Marcia Gluck and then Natalie Sargent Potter.
Other Bonesmen of Related the TIME Staff

U.S. Senator Prescott Sheldon Bush – (S&B 1917) United States Congress 52-63, United States Senate R-Connecticut; Senior Partner, 1930-72 Brown Brothers Harriman & Company; (New York City); Vice President 26-30 W.A. Harriman & Company; Director Pan Am Airways, CBS, Dresser Industries, Inc. (now Halliburton), Simmons Company, Vanadium Corporation of America; Union Banking Corporation, Chairman of the Board Pennsylvania Water & Power Company, United States Guarantee Company; Chairman of the 1942 National Campaign of the USO; Treasurer of the 1942 National Campaign of Planned Parenthood; United States Golf Association (USGA), President 1935; Trustee, Yale University, Member of the 48-58 Yale Corporation. He married Dorothy Wear Walker and they are the Aunt and Uncle of Samuel Sloan Walker, Jr. (see below)

James Stillman (who was Chairman of what ultimately became Chase Manhattan Bank – now J.P. Morgan Chase)

The Stillmans and the Bushs are cousins going back at least six generations.
Percy Avery Rockefeller (S&B – 1900) was the Founder and Vice President of Owenoke Corporation; Directors, Air Reduction Company, American International Corporation, Atlantic Fruit Company, Anaconda Copper Mining Company, Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Bowman- Biltmore Hotels Companies, Cuba Company, Chile Copper Company, Consolidated Gas Company, Greenwich Trust Company, WA Harriman & Company, Brown Brothers Harriman & Company, Mesabi Iron Company, National City Bank of New York, National City Company, New York Edison Company, North American Reassurance Company, National Surety Company, Provident Loan Society, Remington Arms Company, United Electric Light & Power Company, Western Union Telegraph Company; Trustee John Sterling, Yale-1863. He married Isabel Goodrich Stillman.

NOTE:

Percy & Isabel Rockefeller’s daughter Isabel Stillman Rockefeller was one of Dorothy Wear Walker’s bride’s maids at her wedding to Prescott Sheldon Bush (S& B - 1917), at Walker’s Point in Maine.

On May 7, 1915, two years before America’s entrance into the war, a German submarine torpedoed the American ocean liner RMS Lusitania, killing 128 civilian passengers, effectively ending America’s isolationist policy. The Germans claimed the liner was carrying arms, a charge refuted by the American government. But it is now known that the U.S. was, in fact, transporting arms - massive amounts of ammunition produced by Remington Arms.

It has been rumored that Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney flew into a rage when she learned that Dodge had packed the civilian ship from of arms and caused the death of her brother Alfred Gywnne Vanderbilt (S&B 1899), who was passenger on the Lusitania. Ultimately pitting the fortunes of the Vanderbilts & Whitneys against the Dodges & Rockefellers.

In 1930 Percy Avery Rockefeller became the acting chief executive of Remington Arms for his brother-in-law Marcellus Hartley Dodge (who had married Percy sister Ethel Geraldine Rockefeller) after Marcellus’ son was killed in an automobile accident in France. The accident caused Dodge to seek ever more solitude of his Hartley Farms estate.

Union Pacific Railroad Company

Gates was elected to the board of directors of the Union Pacific Railroad when W. Averell Harriman (S&B 1913) resigned to become the US Secretary of Commerce. Averell's brother, E. Roland Harriman (S&B 1917) was elected chairman of the board to succeed him.(Becomes Board Chairman of the Union Pacific Road. New York Times, October 16, 1946.)

NOTE:

Robert A. Lovett's father was Judge Robert S. Lovett had been the Chief Financial Officer and later the CEO of the Union Pacific Railroad (UPC).


Boeing Airplane Company

A.L Gates Made Boeing Director. New York Times, May 12, 1948.
Los Angeles Independent Publishing Company

Gates was a stockholder in a syndicate that purchased a chain of seven weekly suburban papers. Other stockholders included Henry R. Luce (S&B 1920); John Hay Whitney* and Starling Winston Childs Sr.,** William V. Griffin, James A. Linen 3d, and Charles L. Stillman of TIME, Inc. (Coast Weeklies Bought. New York Times, May 9, 1948.) The venture was suspended the next year. (Publishers Suspend Los Angeles Venture. New York Times, August 4, 1949.)

NOTE:

John "Jock" Hay Whitney is the son of Payne "William" Whitney (S&B 1898), who was President of Interlake Pulp and Paper Company; Vice President, Whitney Realty Company; 13 w/Great Northern Paper Company (New York); Director of the Knickerbocker Trust Company; Northern Pacific Railroad; Northern Finance Corporation; US Trust Company and the First National Bank of New York.

Other Whitney Skull & Bonesmen Include:

Edward Baldwin Whitney - (S&B 1878) - Justice 09-11, New York Supreme Court; Assistant District Attorney General of the United States 1893-97.
Edward Payton Whitney –(S&B 1854) - Disappeared in 1858.
Emerson Cogswell Whitney –(S&B 1851) - Died on December 1, 1851
Harry Payne Whitney - (S&B 1894) Married heiress Gertrude Vanderbilt, Investment Banker, Guarantee Trust Company of New York; Metropolitan Opera & Real Estate Company; Eastern Steel Company; Fulton Chain Railway Company; Fulton Navigation Company; Raquette Lake Railway Company; Inherited Shares in Consolidated Tobacco Company and Electric Vehicle Company, etc.
James Lyman Whitney – (S&B 1856) – Librarian, Boston Public Libraries
Joseph “Ernest” Whitney – (S&B 1882) Cornell University Professor and Author
William Collins Whitney - (S&B 1898) - was an American financier and political leader. He became a corporation lawyer in New York City and served (1875-82) as the city's corporation counsel, helping to reorganize its legal and financial affairs and assisting in the prosecution of the Tweed Ring.

A strong backer of President Grover Cleveland in the 1882 New York gubernatorial campaign and the 1884 presidential contest, Whitney served President Cleveland as Secretary of the Navy (1885-89), securing legislation for the construction of armor-plated war vessels.

Lawyers Title Corporation of New York/Title Guarantee and Trust

Gates was named the chairman when Kuhn, Loeb & Company (now Lehman Brothers Holdings) and the Commercial Investment Trust, Inc., jointly acquired the Lawyers Title Corporation of New York, a title insurance firm. Benjamin Buttenwieser was elected to its board. (Banking Firm, Investment Trust Acquire Title Corporation Stock. New York Times, August 2, 1946).

Gates continued as the Chairman of the Board when Lawyers was acquired by Title Guarantee and Trust in 1948; he was in addition a director of Union Pacific, TIME, American Superpower Corporation and North British & Mercantile Insurance Company. (Title Guarantee Names 3 Officials. New York Times, October 6, 1948)

Memorial Center for Cancer and Allied Diseases

Mrs. Artemus L. Gates, Mrs. Laurance S. Rockefeller, Mrs. Gardner Cowles, and others, held a luncheon and fashion show in the Grand Ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria to secure rummage to be sold at the Memorial Cancer Center Thrift Shop (Patronesses Named for Fete Aiding Cancer Center Feb. 16. New York Times, January 24, 1960.)



TIME WARNER, INC.

Time Warner Inc., (formerly known as AOL Time Warner Inc.), is a media and entertainment company.

For the nine months ending 9/30/04, their revenues rose 8% to $30.98 billion. Net income from continuing operations and before account change rose 2% to $2.09 billion. Results reflect higher worldwide license fees from television series, partially offset by its legal reserves expense.

It classifies its business interests into five fundamental areas:

1. America Online, Inc., consisting principally of interactive services;
2. Cable, consisting principally of interests in cable systems providing video and high-speed data services;
3. Filmed Entertainment, consisting principally of feature film, television & home video production and distribution;
4. Networks, consisting principally of cable television and broadcast networks, and
5. Publishing, consisting principally of magazine and book publishing.

On December 15, 2004, Time Warner Inc. announced that it; and its subsidiary America Online, Inc. (AOL) had reached a definitive agreement with the United States Department of Justice (DoJ) that resolves the DOJ’s investigation of the Company.

Time Warner also announced that it has proposed a settlement to the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that the staff has agreed, subject to agreement on appropriate documentation, to recommend to the SEC Commissioners.

The DOJ has been investigating the Company’s accounting and disclosure practices. Under the terms of a settlement in connection with that investigation, the DOJ will file a criminal complaint against AOL for the conduct of certain employees in connection with securities fraud committed by PurchasePro.com, but the DOJ will defer the prosecution of AOL. After two years, provided the Company fulfills its obligations under the agreement, the DOJ will dismiss the criminal complaint filed against AOL.

In addition, the DOJ will not prosecute Time Warner for the PurchasePro.com transactions and will not prosecute Time Warner or AOL for conduct relating to certain other transactions entered into from July 1, 1999, including the transactions that were the subject of the DOJ and SEC investigations.

The Company’s obligations under the settlement are to:

• Accept responsibility for the conduct of certain AOL employees with respect to the PurchasePro.com transactions;

• Pay a penalty of $60 million and establish a $150 million fund, which the Company may use to settle any related shareholder or securities litigation;

• Cooperate fully with the DOJ or any other federal criminal law enforcement agency regarding the transactions covered by the settlement; and

• Retain and cooperate with an independent monitor, who will review the effectiveness of AOL’s internal controls, including those related to the accounting for advertising and related transactions.

Proposed SEC Settlement

Under the settlement proposed to the SEC staff by the Company, Time Warner will agree, without admitting or denying any wrongdoing, to be enjoined from future violations of certain provisions of the securities laws and to comply with a prior SEC cease-and-desist order issued to AOL in May 2000.

The proposed settlement would also require the Company to:

• Pay a $300 million penalty, which the SEC staff will request be used for a Fair Fund, as authorized under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

• Adjust its accounting for the $400 million in advertising revenues recognized primarily in 2001 and 2002 in transactions with Bertelsmann, A.G. and for transactions with two other AOL customers that resulted in approximately $30 million of advertising revenue recognized in 2001;

• Adjust its accounting for the Company’s investment in and consolidation of AOL Europe, consistent with the Company’s announcement in November 2004; and

• Agree to the appointment of an independent examiner, who – within 180 days after starting work – will review the Company’s historical accounting for a limited number of transactions entered into between 1999 and 2002, principally involving online advertising revenue. Depending on the examiner’s conclusions, a further restatement might be necessary.

Final settlement is subject to both agreement on final documentation and approval by the SEC Commissioners.

Lastly, the Company’s chief financial officer, controller and deputy controller have also proposed settlements to the SEC staff that the staff has agreed to recommend to the SEC commissioners. The proposed settlements relate to the Company’s accounting and disclosure of its transactions with Bertelsmann, A.G. Under these proposed settlements, the three officers would, without admitting or denying the allegations, agree to the entry of an administrative order that they cease and desist from any violations of certain reporting provisions of the securities laws. The proposed agreements would not result in any suspension, bar or penalties being imposed on these individuals, who will continue to work for the Company in their current capacities.

The whole deal was approved by SEC Chairman, William H. Donaldson (S&B 1953)
William H. Donaldson – United States Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Committee, 2003-; Chairman of Aetna International 00-01, Chairman, CEO Donaldson Enterprises, Inc., (New York City); Dean 75-80, Professor Management Studies, Yale University; Special Adviser 75, United States President; Under Secretary 73-74, State US; Founder, Chairman of Board, CEO 59-73, Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette, Inc (New York City); Member 53-70, Yale University Alumni Fund; Trustee 70- Ford Foundation, Beekman Downtown Hospital, Wesleyan University; Member 71-7, Yale Corporation; Member 75-, Yale Investment Committee; Director, Deer Island Corporation; 53-55 Lt United States Marines.

Chairman Donaldson has been the Yale roommate and best friend of George H.W. Bush’s (S&B 1947) brother Jonathan James Bush (S&B 1953). Jonathan Bush is likely now preparing for what may be his own trip in front of his former roommate at the Securities Exchange Commission. Riggs National Bank, where Jonathan James Bush is both the CEO and a Board Director for the Riggs Investment Management Company (RIMCO) division is under investigation of violations of money laundering rules, (associated with accounts of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and Equatorial Guinea) compliance with the Bank Secrecy Act and the actions of former and current employees. Riggs said it has been attempting to cooperate in the investigation.

Riggs Bank was implicated in a money-laundering scandal involving Saudi Arabian diplomats & Princess and was ordered to pay $25 million in fines. Two of those transactions are alleged to have made their way to accounts of two of the September 11th hijackers.

Riggs Vice Chairman, Director and President of its Riggs Capital Partners venture capital group; J. Carter Beese Jr. had previously been a SEC Commissioner for former President George H.W. Bush from1992 – 1994 and served as the Chairman of the Capital Markets Regulatory Reform Project Center for Strategic and International Studies. Before that he was the Chairman of the big Skull & Bones financial firm Alex Brown International, until it merged with Bankers Trust. Following the merger he served as the Vice Chairman of Bankers’ Trust Alex Brown's Global Banking Group.

Alex Brown Inc. was a blue-blood investment bank whose Baltimore roots were as deep as any institution in the city. There are a total of twelve (12) Brown Bonesmen, beginning with Alexander Lardner Brown (S&B – 1856) himself, and with the last one logging in for 1979.

The Brown family name was associated with Brown & Shipley in London, Alex Brown in Philadelphia, Brown Brothers Harriman in New York, Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (the B&O) , Alexander Brown & Sons in Philadelphia, John A. Brown & Co. in Philadelphia, and even Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island.

The Allbrittion family owns about 46% of Riggs Bank’s stock, and they have been major George H.W. Bush and George Bush donors for years!



WHAT IS THE POWER OF JUST ONE?

Here I will detail the powerbase of just one Bonesmen, and connect him to countless others; thus showing the power of the Skull & Bones Society. For this exercise I did not want to select someone like a Rockefeller, a Vanderbilt, a Whitney, a Payne, a Pillsbury, a Kellogg, a Ford, a Phelps, a Bush, a Walker, a Taft, a Perkins, a Harriman, a Sloane, a Kerry or perhaps even a Cheney, as their success would have been easy to predict. Instead, I have chosen to profile a Bonesmen by the name of Artemus Lamb Gates (S&B 1918).

Mrs. Davison's Air Force, 1916

In 1916, Yale football player Artemus L. Gates (S&B 1918) was a member of the "Aero Fleet" organized by the wife of Mr. Henry Pomeroy Davison (S&B 1884).

"Mrs. Davison was responsible for the formation of the flying squad. Before giving her consent she had to overcome a conviction that flying was the most dangerous avocation on earth; further than that, Mr. Davison, who held a similar belief, had to be converted before the training school could be established."

Most were Yale students, including four others who all joined Skull & Bones Class of 1918: Their son Fredrick Trubee Davison, (S&B 1918), Robert A. Lovett (S&B 1918), John M. Vorys (S&B 1918), and Allen W. Ames (S&B 1918).

The Davison’s other son, Henry P. Davison Jr., (S&B 1920), serving with the American Ambulance Corps in France, and Lieutenant W.F. Sullivan of the Royal Flying Corps, were to join them in September. (Mrs. H.P. Davison Starts Aero Fleet. New York Times, Aug. 24, 1916.) Henry P. Davison Sr. (S&B 1884), had been senior partner of J.P. Morgan & Company since 1908, he was the Chairman of the 1910 New York Fundraising Committee and later the chairman of the War Council of the American Red Cross, which sent the expedition to Russia to help the Bolsheviks.

The other Bonesmen of this group and their service to their country, included; F. Trubee Davison (S&B 1918), later became the Assistant Secretary of War for Air in both the Coolidge and Hoover Administrations; David Sinton Ingalls (S&B 1920) who became the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air from 1929 to 1932; Robert A. Lovett (S&B 1918), Assistant Secretary of War for Air, and Secretary of Defense during World War II; and Artemus L. Gates (S&B 1918) who was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air in August 1941, under Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox (Names A.L. Gates to Navy Air Post. New York Times, August 20, 1941) , and was Under Secretary of the Navy in the Truman Administration.

A Marriage or Perhaps a Merger, 1922

Artemus L. Gates (S&B 1918) married the Henry P. Davison’s (S&B 1884) daughter Alice Trubee Davison in 1922. Nine members of the Skull & Bones Class of 1918 were ushers for their wedding: Malcolm H. Baldridge (S&B 1918), Allan W. Ames (S&B 1918), Cassius M. Clay (S&B 1918), Robert Barr Deans (S&B 1918), James Gould (S&B 1918), Robert A. Lovett (S&B 1918), John M. Vorys (S&B 1918), J. Elliot Woolley (S&B 1918) and Charles Phelps Taft II (S&B 1918) were the bulk of his ushers, and F. Trubee Davison (S&B 1918) gave his sister away; because their father was recuperating from an operation.
John C. Farrar (S&B 1917), David Sinton Ingalls (S&B 1920) and James V. Forrestal were also ushers; and Henry P. Davison Jr., (S&B 1920) was best man. Mr. and Mrs. George F. Baker Jr. and their kids participated in the ceremony and Mr. Gates' sister Henrietta and Mrs. Adele Quartley Brown-Lovett (S&B 1918) were attendants of the bride. (Miss Davison Weds Artemus L. Gates. New York Times, January 4, 1922.)

In 1927, Mrs. Gates and the Bakers assisted Mrs. Davison with a three-day bash to raise funds for the American Society for the Control of Cancer.

* The only non-Bonesmen usher, James V. Forrestal, enlisted in the Navy and ultimately became a Naval Aviator during World War I. Following the war, Forrestal went to work as a bond salesman for the William A. Read and Company (aka Dillon, Read and Company) , rising to become president of the company in 1938.

He became Secretary of the Navy on May 19, 1944, when Secretary of War Frank Knox died of a heart attack, and he led the Navy through the closing year of the war and the demobilization following. Forrestal opposed the unification of the services, but even so he helped develop the National Security Act of 1947 that created the National Military Establishment (the Department of Defense was not created as such until August 1949), and with the former Secretary of War Robert Patterson retiring to private life, Forrestal was the obvious next choice.

Forrestal resigned on March 28, 1949, due to a "mental breakdown;" and was checked into the Bethesda Naval Hospital. On May 22, his body was found on a third-floor roof, below the 16th floor room where he was patient. Although officially ruled a suicide, reports of paranoia and of his involuntary commitment to the hospital, as well as suspicions about the detailed circumstances of his death, have all fed a variety of conspiracy theories; ranging from Soviet agents to even UFOs.

Forrestal himself maintained that he was being tracked by Israeli security agents and it was later learned by the United States government, that in fact Israeli agents (fearing that America was making secret arrangements with Arab nations) had indeed been observing Forrestal’s every movements.

In Secretary Forrestal’s suicide note was an extract that he had taken from Sophocles' tragedy, Ajax:

"Frenzy hath seized thy dearest son,
Who from thy shores in glory came
The first in valor and in fame;
Thy deeds that he hath done
Seem hostile all to hostile eyes...
Better to die, and sleep
The never waking sleep, than linger on,
And dare to live, when the soul's life is gone.


The New York Trust

In 1919, Gates became associated with the Liberty National Bank, which merged in 1921 with the New York Trust Company. Gates became a vice president in 1926, and was elected president of the firm at the age of 34. (A.L. Gates, 34, Heads New York Trust. New York Times, June 13, 1929.)

Mortimer N. Buckner (S&B 1895) had been their chairman of the board since 1921. William F. Buckley Sr.* was one of the firm’s incorporators in 1890. (New York Trust Is 50 Today; Represents Merger of Three Banks. New York Times, April 4, 1939.)

In August of 1929, his brother-in-law Harry P. Davison, Jr., (S&B 1920) joined him. (Henry Davison on Board of New York Trust. New York Times, August 23, 1929.)
Gates resigned as President of the New York Trust Company to take the post of Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air in 1941. The New York Trust Company later merged with Chemical Corn Exchange Bank, which later became the Chemical Bank, which was later acquired by Chase Manhattan Bank; and is now a part of J.P. Morgan Chase & Company.

NOTE:

* William F. Buckley. Sr.’s sons William F. Buckley Jr. (S&B 1950), Fergus Reid Buckley (S&B 1952), as well as his grandson Christopher Taylor Buckley (S&B 1975) are all Bonesmen.


Bellevue Hospital

"Several dinners were given before the cabaret entertainment in behalf of the First Division Cardiac Clinic of Bellevue Hospital, which was held last night at the Stork Club..... In the party of Mr. and Mrs. Roger Tickermann were Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Brewster Jennings* and Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Lamont. With Mr. and Mrs. William Galey Lord (S&B 1922) were Mr. and Mrs. Oswald Bates Lord (S&B 1926), Mr. and Mrs. W. Averell Harriman (S&B 1913), Mr. and Mrs. Ward Cheney** (S&B 1922), Mr. and Mrs. Artemus L. Gates (S&B 1918) and Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Douglas." Others who had guests at the benefit included Mrs. Howard Dean. (Cabaret Benefit Assists Hospital. New York Times, May 16, 1935.) Lewis Douglas was the grandson of James Douglas, the benefactor of James Ewing of the American Society for the Control of Cancer.

NOTE:

*Benjamin Brewster Jennings is the grandson of both Benjamin Brewster (S&B 1882) and Oliver Gould Jennings (S&B 1887).


**In 1838, U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney’s paternal great-great uncles established the Mount Nebo Silk Company in Manchester, CT. The company adopted the family name in 1843. Aided by booming national markets, a protective tariff and innovative production methods, the company grew into the largest and most profitable silk mill in the United States by the late 1880s.

The company pioneered the waste-silk spinning method and the Grant's reel. The company reached its peak in 1923, after which it quickly declined due to industry wide overproduction and competition from new synthetic fibers such as rayon.
Clifford Dudley Cheney (S&B 1898), Frank Dexter Cheney (S&B 1900), Howell Cheney (S&B 1892), Knight Dexter Cheney Jr. (S&B 1892), Phillips Cheney (S&B 1901), Russell Cheney (S&B 1904), Thomas Langdon Cheney (S&B 1901), Ward Cheney Sr. (S&B 1896), Ward Cheney Jr. (S&B 1922) and Ronald Lawton Cheney (S&B 1958).

Pan American Airways

"William S. Paley, president and chairman of the Columbia Broadcasting Company and Artemus L. Gates (S&B 1918), president of the New York Trust Company, were elected directors of the Pan American Airways Corporation at the annual meeting of stockholders held yesterday. Juan T. Trippe was the President. (2 Directors Elected By Aviation Concern. New York Times, May 19, 1939.)

NOTE:

Howard Brush Dean, (Yale University 1918), (the grandfather of the former 2004 U.S. presidential candidate Howard Dean) , was a Vice President with Pan American World Airways System from 1943 until his death in 1953. He began his career in the bond department of the Guaranty Trust Company in 1919. From 1921 to 1941, he was a partner in the New York Stock Exchange firm of Struthers & Dean; was a governor of the New York Stock Exchange in 1938-42. (Howard Dean, 53, Airline Executive. New York Times, March 23, 1950) Guaranty Trust was the financial force behind the Life Extension Institute.


Prescott Sheldon Bush Jr. worked for Pan American Airways from 1942 to 1951. In 1944 he married Elizabeth Louise Draper Kaufmann, the daughter of United States Navy Vice Admiral James L. Kauffman and the sister of Rear Admiral Draper L. Kauffman.

In 1943, Vice Admiral Kaufmann assumed the command of all the Pacific Fleet's cruisers, destroyers and frigates, including 401 ships with 150,000 men. In October 1944, he reported directly to General Douglas McArthur as Commander Philippine Sea Frontier. In May of 1946, Vice Admiral Kauffman returned home and was assigned to duty as the Commandant of the Fourth Naval District, where he remained until he retired in 1949.

ADDITIONAL NOTE:

Senator Prescott Sheldon Bush (S&B 1917) was introduced to William Paley, who was the founder of CBS, by Averell Harriman (S&B 1913), who in 1929 had represented CBS in their merger with Paramount Studios. In 1932, he took an active role in arranging the financing for William Paley to purchase the company. Bush joined the CBS board of directors and retained the position for several years.


Columbia Presbyterian Hospital

Artemus Gates (S&B 1918) and Robert A. Lovett (S&B 1918) Lovett were re-elected to the board of trustees of Presbyterian Hospital in 1946. Gates had been a trustee for thirteen years before resigning in 1941, and Lovett, a partner of Brown Brothers, W.A. Harriman & Co., had been a trustee for fourteen years. Gates was also a director of TIME, Inc. (Elected by Hospital. New York Times, Jun. 25, 1946.) Mrs. Gates had been a fundraiser for the hospital since at least 1925. Other fundraisers whose husbands bore the names of Bonesmen included; Mrs. Ray Morris (S&B 1901), Mrs. John Ellsworth (S&B 1905), Mrs. Stephen H. Philbin (S&B 1910), Mrs. Dean Sage (S&B 1897), Mrs. John Sloane (S&B 1905), and Mrs. Henry Sage Fennimore Cooper (S&B 1917). (Hospital to Begin Fund Drive Today. New York Times, August 29, 1925.)

Ray Morris (S&B 1901) was a senior partner at W.A. Harriman & Company and then later at Brown Brothers Harriman & Company. He was also a director of the Union Banking Corporation, along with Prescott Sheldon Bush (S&B 1917), E. Roland Harriman (S&B 1917) and W. Averell Harriman (S&B 1913). The Union Banking Corporation was seized by the United States government in 1942, under the Trading with the Enemy Act, for laundering money for Nazi Germany.

Ray Morris was also the President, Investment Bankers Association of America 25-26; Associate, 10-20, White, Weld & Company (New York City); Managing Editor & Editor of the Railroad Gazette 1903-10; Director, Executive Committee, General Security Assurance Corporation, American Woolen Company; Director of the Finance Committee, Symington-Gould Corporation; Directors, Holly Sugar Company, Sinclair Oil & Refining Corporation, McCall Corporation, Sidney Blumenthal & Company, The Best Foods, Inc., Grand Union Company, Punta Alegre Sugar Corporation, SKF Industries, Inc.; he was a member of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York during World War I. He married Katherine Grinnell.

SOURCES:

Smoker's History Website - Carol Thompson.
Fleshing Out Skull & Bones, Kris Millegan, Trine Day Books, 2003
Fight to Glory, Yale Alumni Magazine, October 2003


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