Tuesday, February 28, 2006
Roger Sherman, Yale and Skull & Bones
As the world came to learn during the last American presidential election, one of the most powerful secret societies on the planet is based on the Yale University campus in New Haven, Connecticut. This secret society of Skull and Bones was founded back in 1832 by William Huntington Russell and Alphonso Taft. (Taft is the patriarch of the Ohio political family and the father of former US President & US Supreme Court Chief Justice William Howard Taft (S&B 1878)).
During the 2004 election, the Democratic and Republican presidential candidates were Yale Bonesmen alumni, (John Kerry S&B -1967 and George W. Bush S&B- 1968 respectively); as were many of their ancestors. Republican Vice President Richard "Dick" Bruce Cheney also comes from one of the largest Bonesmen families.
So who’s the largest family of Yale Skull & Bones members? Kris Millegan, in his book "Fleshing Out Skull & Bones" we learned that it was believed that the Smith family (of Federal Express) was the largest family with fifteen (15) Bonesmen.
Millegan's data shows that certain families have been very well represented, and happen to be related to individual's like Vice President Dick Cheney, Ohio Governor Bob Taft, and the US President George Walker Bush. For an example, the largest known Skull and Bones families with at least 10+ members are:
* Smith (15) (Federal Express)
* Walker (15) (President Bush's Missouri/Illinois relatives)
* Allen (13) (Politics & Investments)
* Brown (13) (Brown Brothers Harriman, Alex Brown & Brothers)
* Clark (12)
* White (12) (Attorneys in New Haven and New York City)
* Day (11) (The Hartford Courant & The Thacher School)
* Johnson (11)
* Jones (11)
* Miller (11)
* Stewart (11)
* Thompson (11)
* Cheney (10) (Silk manufacturers)
* Taft (10) (Ohio political family)
* Williams (10) (Politics & Investments)
For those who are not aware of who Roger Sherman was, Sherman was the only American citizen to sign (while also helping to draft) all of the founding documents of the United States of America; the Declaration of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution.
Roger Sherman's father William Sherman first marriage was to Rebecca (Hilton) Cutler on 15 July 1714, who died several months later in early 1715. Sherman then married the mother of Roger, Methitable (Sweetman) Wellington on 15 Sept 1715 in Watertown, Massachusetts. Rebecca Cutler was the daughter of Rev. Timothy (Winswall) Cutler (Harvard - 1701). Rev. Cutler was the first rector of The Collegiate School (later renamed Yale College), who resigned with several tutors in 1722 under great controversy after converting to the Anglican Church faith. One of those young tutors was the Rev. Samuel Johnson, (Collegiate - 1714). Rev. Cutler, Johnson and David Browne's resignation begins the period known throughout New England as the first "Great Awakening."
Many years later Rev. Samuel Johnson assumed the Presidency of King’s College, which is now called Columbia University. Rev. Johnson’s son was the Hon. William Samuel Johnson, who served along side Roger Sherman for almost his entire political career. Both men represented Connecticut in the first U.S. Congress; as state delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention, and the state's Ratification Convention in 1788. Sherman was appointed to fill Johnson s seat in the United States Senate in 1791, when Johnson resigned to become President of Columbia College; which is now Columbia University.
In 1761 Roger Sherman abandoned his law practice and sold his various businesses, moving to New Haven where he operated two stores that catered to Yale students. He soon became both a friend and benefactor of Yale, serving as the college's treasurer (1765-76), and contributing to the construction of its chapel (which was endowed by Roger Sherman's great-nephew Joseph Battell, along with the music department). Sherman's commitment to the school had earned him an honorary master's degree in 1768.
Of Roger Sherman's sons, John Sherman, William Sherman and Roger Sherman, Jr. all graduated from Yale; and all of Sherman's daughters married Yale alumni except his youngest Sarah. Chloe Sherman married Dr. John Skinner (Yale-1773), Mehitable married the Rev. Jeremiah Evarts (Yale-1802), both Rebecca and Elizabeth were married the Hon. Simeon Baldwin (Yale-1781), and Martha married Yale College President Rev. Jeremiah Day (Yale-1756). President Day's great-nephew Charles Seymour (S&B 1905) was president of Yale from 1937-1951.
Sherman’s great-granddaughter, Jane Wakeman (Skinner) Dwight, married Yale President Timothy Dwight V, who was the nephew of Yale President Theodore Dwight Woolsey and the grandson Yale President Timothy Dwight IV. Dwight (S&B 1841) was also the first Bonesmen to serve as president of the university.
Descendants of Roger Sherman
• 1. Roger Sherman Baldwin, Jr. (S&B 1847) - the son of US Senator & Governor of the State of Connecticut Roger Sherman (Yale 1811)& Emily Perkins Baldwin (Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 2. Simeon Eben Baldwin (S&B 1861) - Chief Justice Supreme Court & Governor of the State of Connecticut and a Yale Professor of Law for 47 years. He left an endowment of $500,000 to the Yale Law School when he died. Simeon Eben was the son of Roger Sherman & Emily Perkins Baldwin. (Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 3. George William Baldwin (S&B 1853) - Attorney and son of Governor Roger Sherman Baldwin Sr. (Yale 1811), he was badly wounded having both legs broken by the fall of his horse down an embankment in Dec 1861 at The Battle of Fredericksburg (Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 4. Henry DeForest Baldwin (S&B 1885) - President of the Queens County Water Company; Partner, Lord, Day & Lord; founding member of CFR, Chairman, Peoples Institute (Simeon Baldwin, III 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 5. Sherman Baldwin (S&B 1919) - Author and great-grandson of Roger Sherman (Henry DeForest Baldwin4, Simeon Baldwin, III 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 6. William Maxwell Evarts (S&B 1837) - US Senator (R-NY), US Secretary of State and US Attorney General (Mehitabel Sherman2, Roger Sherman1)
• 7. Maxwell Evarts (S&B 1884) - General Counsel to E.H. Harriman, Southern Pacific Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad, and a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention in 1867 (William Maxwell Evarts3, Mehitabel Sherman2, Roger Sherman1)
• 8. Sherman Evarts (S&B 1881) - Attorney with Evarts Choate & Beaman, Evarts & Moffat and Trustee, Windsor Public Library (William Maxwell Evarts3, Mehitabel Sherman2, Roger Sherman1)
• 9. Dwight Foster, Jr. (S&B 1848) - Associate Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court & Attorney General of the State of Massachusetts. He married Henrietta Perkins Baldwin (Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 10. Reginald Foster (S&B 1884) - Attorney and great-grandson of Roger Sherman (Henrietta Perkins Baldwin 4, Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 11. Roger Sherman Baldwin Foster (S&B 1878) - Professor of Federal Jurisprudence, Yale University School of Law (son of Dwight Foster, Jr. S&B 1847) (Henrietta Perkins Baldwin 4, Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 12. Maxwell Evarts Foster (S&B 1923) - Director of Research for Wendell Willkie's Campaign for the Republican nomination for US President, and a member of the US Board of National Estimates (son of Reginald Foster (S&B 1884) (Reginald Foster 5, Henrietta Perkins (Baldwin) Foster 4, Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 13. William Douglas Sloane (S&B 1895) - Chairman of the Board W&J Sloane; Director, Aspen Mining & Smelting Company; Hanover Fire Insurance Company; Union Trust Company*
• 14. Henry Thompson Sloane (S&B 1866) - Treasurer of W&J Sloane (son of William Douglas Sloane) see above. His daughters were Jessie Sloane Dodge Widener (who married William Earl Dodge of the Phelps & Dodge fortune & George Duton Widener Jr.) and Baroness Emilie de le Grange (who married mining aristocrat Baron Amaury De La Grange)
• 15. Thomas Chalmers Sloane (S&B 1868)
• 16. John Douglas Sloane (S&B 1905) - W & J Sloane, Inc (NYC); Trustee, Robert College (Istanbul); Aspen Mining & Smelting Company; Hanover Fire Insurance Company; Union Trust Company, Chairman, National War Work Council. His son married Elizabeth Taylor (Sherman) Sloane.
• 17. Edward Law Baldwin Whitney (S&B 1878) - Assistant US Attorney General and New York Supreme Court Justice (son of Yale professor William Dwight Whitney and the father of Princeton Professor Hassler Whitney) (Elizabeth Wooster (Baldwin) Whitney 4, Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. 3, Rebecca Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 18. James Lyman Whitney (S&B 1856) - Librarian, Boston Public Library (half brother of Josiah Whitney, William Dwight Whitney & Edward Payson Whitney)
• 19. Edward Payson Whitney (S&B 1854) - Disappeared in 1858, (brother of William Dwight Whitney and half brother of Edward Payson Whitney)
• 20. Timothy Dwight V (S&B 1849) - Yale College President Emeritus 1899-1916, President 1886-99 and Acting Treasurer 1886-88, married Sherman's granddaughter Jane Wakeman Skinner (Roger Sherman Skinner 3, Chloe Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 21. Winthrop Edwards Dwight (S&B 1893) - Fellow, Timothy Dwight College & son of Yale President Timothy Dwight V (S&B 1849) (Jane Wakeman (Skinner) Dwight 4, Roger Sherman Skinner 3, Chloe Sherman 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 22. Emerson Cogswell Whitney (S&B 1851) - Second cousin of Yale professor William Dwight Whitney, who married Sherman's granddaughter Elizabeth Wooster (Baldwin) Whitney
• 23. William Collins Whitney (S&B 1863) - US President Cleveland's U.S. Secretary of War
• 24. Harry Payne Whitney (S&B 1894) - Investment Banker, Guarantee Trust Company; Metropolitan Opera & Real Estate Company; Eastern Steel Company; Fulton Chain Railway Company; Fulton Navigation Company; Raquette Lake Railway Company; Inherited Shares in Consolidated Tobacco Company, Electric Vehicle Company, etc. He married Gertrude Vanderbilt
• 25. Chancey Mitchell Depew (S&B 1856) U.S. Senator and Chairman of the Board of Director of the Vanderbilt Railroad System (including the New York, Harlem, Hudson Valley, Central, Erie, Michigan Southern, Michigan Central, Lakeshore, and Canadian Southern Railroads.) He was the great-great nephew of Roger Sherman, who's brother the Rev. Josiah Sherman was Chancey's great-great grandfather.
• 26. Ganson Goodyear Depew (S&B 1919) - great-great-great nephew of Roger Sherman, who's brother Rev. Josiah Sherman was his great-great-great grandfather. Involved with the Vanderbilt Railway System.
• 27. Charles Atwood White (S&B 1854) - He was the greatgrandson of Roger Sherman, who's mother was Sherman's granddaughter Martha Sherman (Martha Sherman3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 28. Henry Dyer White (S&B 1851) - He was the great-grandson of Roger Sherman, who's mother was Sherman's granddaughter Martha Sherman (Martha Sherman3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 29. George Edward White (S&B 1866) - He was the great-grandson of Roger Sherman, who's mother was Sherman's granddaughter Martha Sherman (Martha Sherman3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 30. Roger Sherman White (S&B 1864) - He was the great-grandson of Roger Sherman, who's mother was Sherman's granddaughter Martha Sherman (Martha Sherman3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 31. Oliver Sherman White (S&B 1859) - He was the great-grandson of Roger Sherman, who's mother was Sherman's granddaughter Martha Sherman (Martha Sherman3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 32. George White (S&B 1848)- He was a grandson of Roger Sherman.
• 33. Dr. John Rogers (S&B 1887) - He married Sherman's great-great-granddaughter Elizabeth Selden White. He was a leading doctor in New York City (Charles Atwood White4, Martha Sherman3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 34. Henry Lewis Stimson (S&B 1888) - married Roger Sherman's great-great-granddaughter Mabel Wellington White. He was the U.S. Secretary of War for four (4) U.S. Presidents (Charles Atwood White4, Martha Sherman3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 35. Rev. Henry Albert Stimson (S&B 1865) - the paternal uncle of Henry Lewis Stimson and a corresponding secretary for American Board of Christian Forgein Missionaires (ABCFM)
• 36. William Kent (S&B 1887) - He married daughter of Roger Sherman, Jr. Elizabeth Baldwin Sherman (Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 37. Albert Emmett Kent (S&B 1853) - Father of William Kent (see above) (S&B - 1887)
• 38. Thomas Thacher (S&B 1871) - the founder of Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett LLP and the great-grandson of Roger Sherman (Elizabeth Baldwin Sherman 3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 39. John Seymour Thacher (S&B 1877) - Director of the Dumberton Library at Harvard University and great-grandson of Roger Sherman (Elizabeth Baldwin Sherman 3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 40. Sherman Day Thacher (S&B 1883) - Founder and headmaster of the Thacher School, and the great-grandson of Roger Sherman (Elizabeth Baldwin Sherman 3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 41. William Larned Thacher (S&B 1887) - Assistant Headmaster at the Thacher School and the great-grandson of Roger Sherman (Elizabeth Baldwin Sherman 3, Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 42. Thomas Anthony Thacher (S&B 1835) - Yale College Professor of Latin and Greek, married two of Sherman's granddaughters. (Elizabeth Sherman Day and Elizabeth Baldwin Sherman)
• 43. Dr. James Kingsley Thacher (S&B 1868) - Professor of Clinical Medicine & Physiology, Yale University Medical School, son of Thomas Anthony Thacher (S&B 1835, who married Sherman great-granddaughter Henrietta Perkins Baldwin Foster (the granddaughter of Connecticut Governor Roger Sherman Baldwin (Yale-1811))
• 44. Thomas Mills Day, Sr. (S&B 1837) - Owner and Publisher of the Hartford Courant, and the nephew of Yale College President Rev. Jeremiah Day
• 45. Thomas Mills Day, Jr. (S&B 1886) - He was the son of Thomas Mills Day, Sr.
• 46. Frederick Roger Sherman (S&B 1836) - Attorney and the son of Roger Sherman's son Roger Sherman, Jr. (Roger Sherman, Jr. 2, Roger Sherman1)
• 47. Arthur Pomeroy Day (S&B 1890) - He was the son of Thomas Mills Day
• 48. Clive Day (S&B 1892) - An author, Yale University Professor of Economics and adviser to the American Commission to Negotiate Peace. (He was the son of Thomas Mills Day, Sr.)
• 49. Robert Webster Day (S&B 1875) - He was the proprietor, Hyde Park Hotel and the great-nephew of Yale President Jeremiah Day.
• 50. Charles Seymour (S&B 1908) - Yale President 1937-50, Master of Berkeley College 1933-37 and Provost 1928-37. He was the great-nephew of Yale President Jeremiah Day and great-great-great-great grandson of Yale President Thomas Clap.
• 51. Charles Seymour, Jr. (S&B 1935) - Yale Professor of History of Art and Curator of the Yale University Italian Art Collection, 1939-49.
• 52. Evarts Tracy (S&B 1890) - president of Tracy & Swartwout, architectural firm that worked projects like the George Washington Memorial, he was the nephew of William Maxwell Evarts (Mary Evarts3, Mehitabel Sherman2, Roger Sherman1)
• 53. Henry Champion Deming, Sr. (S&B 1836) - Member, US Congress, 1863-67, Mayor of New Orleans, LA 1862-63, chairman, Committee on Expenditures, US War Department (his grandmother Alice Skinner was the sister of Dr. John Skinner, who married Roger Sherman's daughter Chloe Sherman)
• 54. Henry Champion Deming, Jr. (S&B 1872) - Secretary for the Mercantile Trust Company (son of Henry Champion Deming, Sr.)
• 55. Lawrence (Laurent) Clerc Deming (S&B 1883) - Assistant Secretary, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad (son of Henry Champion Deming, Sr.)
• 56. Charles Clerc Deming (S&B 1872) - US Journalist (son of Henry Champion Deming Sr.)
• 57. Clarence Deming (S&B 1872) - Member, Connecticut State Legislature 1849-50 and 1859-60; Member, US Congress 1863-67; US Internal Revenue Collector 1869-72 (nephew of Henry C. Deming, Sr.)
• 58. George Herbert Walker Bush (S&B 1947) U.S. President 89-92, U.S. Vice President 81-88; Director, U.S. CIA, 74-75; Chief U.S. Liaison Officer, China, 73-74; Chairman, Republican Party, 73-74; U.S. Ambassador, United Nations, 71-72; President, Chairman of the Board, Zapata Off-Shore Company, 58-66; Member, US Congress, 66-70;
• 59. James Smith Bush (S&B 1922) President, Inter Mundi; Curator, University of Missouri; Managing Director, Export-Import Bank of Washington, D.C., 59-63
• 60. Jonathan James Bush (S&B 1953) CEO & President, Riggs Investment Bank, 98-2004; Chairman of the Board, J. Bush & Company; General Partner, G.H. Walker & Co, 60-70
• 61. Prescott Sheldon Bush (S&B 1917) Member, US Senate R-Connecticut, 52-63; Partner, Brown Brothers Harriman & Co, 1930-72, (New York, NY); Vice President W.A. Harriman & Company, 26-30; Director of Pan Am Airways, CBS, Dresser Industries, Inc, Simmons Company, Vanadium Corp of America; Chairman of the Board, Pennsylvania Water & Power Company, US Guarantee Company; Chairman 1942 National Campaign, USO; Treasurer, 1942 National Campaign, Planned Parenthood, President, USGA, 1935; Trustee, Yale University, Member, Yale Corporation, 48-58
• 63 George Walker Bush (S&B 1968) - Governor of Texas and US President
• 64 John Forbes Kerry (S&B 1967) - Former Lt. Governor and current US Senator from Massachusetts
• 65. Dr. William Henry Palmer - (S&B 1864) Valedictorian, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1866; Professor of Ophthalmology, Cleveland Medical College; a visiting Physician, Cleveland City Hospital (His uncle Benjamin Franklin Palmer married Roger Sherman’s great-great granddaughter Eliza Harriet Hart. (The daughter of Rev. Ira Hart and Maria Sherman)
• 66. Thomas Hooker - (S&B 1869) President, First National Bank (New Haven, CT); and President, New Haven Hospital. His wife was Sarah Bowles, the granddaughter of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar (see below). (Sarah Bowles 5, Elizabeth Hoar Bowles 4, Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar 3, Sarah Sherman 2, Roger Sherman 1)
• 67. Philip Battell Stewart - (S&B 1886) Trustee of Colorado College, 1900-1953; Baseball Coach, 1902-05. His father was Governor of Vermont and a US Senator. (Emma Battell 5, Philip Battell 4, Joseph Battell 3, William Battell 2, Methetabel Sherman 1)
Special Note: This is not yet believed to be a completed list of Sherman family Bonesmen
So American founding father Roger Sherman (of Connecticut) adds yet another great distinction to his already famous name, the distinction of being the patriarch of the largest American family of the world's most secretive and powerful fraternal society....SKULL & BONES!
Note: Roger Sherman's youngest daughter Sarah married US Representative Samuel Hoar, a Harvard alumni whose grandfather Leonard Hoar had been the President of Harvard College. Sarah and Samuel were the parents of US Senator George Frisbee Hoar and US Attorney General and Massachusetts State Attorney General Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar.
Additional Note: Roger Sherman Baldwin, Sr. (Yale – 1811), married Emily (Pitkin) Perkins nine years after his graduation. Perkins was the great-granddaughter of the first president of Yale College (after its officially changed its name), the Rev. Thomas Clap.
• Baldwin, Evarts, Hoar & Sherman Political Families, US Political Families, Wikipedia
• Taft, Lippitt and Chafee Political Families, US Political Families, Wikipedia
• Boardman, Roger Sherman; Roger Sherman, Signer and Statesman. 1938. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1971.
• Boutell, Lewis Henry; The Life of Roger Sherman. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co., 1896.
• Collier, Christopher; Roger Sherman s Connecticut: Yankee Politics and the American Revolution. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1971.
• Gerber, Scott D.; "Roger Sherman and the Bill of Rights." Polity 28 (Summer 1996): 521-540.
• Hoar, George Frisbie; The Connecticut Compromise. Roger Sherman, the Author of the Plan of Equal Representation of the States in the Senate, and Representation of the People in Proportion to Numbers in the House, Worcester, MA: Press of C. Hamilton, 1903.
• Rommel, John G. Connecticut s Yankee Patriot: Roger Sherman. Hartford: American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Connecticut, 1980.
• Millegan, Kris; Fleshing Out Skull & Bones. Trine Day, 2003.
• Baldwin Family Papers, Yale University
• Day Family Papers, Yale University
• Hoar Family Papers, Harvard University
• Foster Family Autograph Collection
• Skinner Family Papers, Yale University
• Thomas Anthony Thacher Papers, Yale University
• George W. Bush Genealogy, William Addams Reitwiesner
• John Forbes Kerry Genealogy, William Addams Reitwiesner